ISSN: 1341-2051





Amarendra N. Singh, Canada

Honorary Editor


The late Tsutomu Sakuta


 Associate Editors

Eliot Sorel, USA

Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Saudi Arabia

Naoki Aikawa, Japan

Yasuo Ikeda, Japan

Noriko Matsui, Japan






Corresponding Editors

T. K. J. Craig, UK

S. Sharma, India

M. Haberal, Republic of Turkey

S. Lee, Republic of Korea

L. R. Sutherland, Canada

F. Marotta, Italy

T. Nagamine, Japan

T. Munshi, Canada


Aims and Scope

The International Medical Journal is intended to provide a multidisciplinary forum for the exchange of ideas and information among professionals concerned with medicine and related disciplines in the world. It is recognized that many other disciplines have an important contribution to make in furthering knowledge of the physical life and mental life and the Editors welcome relevant contributions from them.

The Editors and Publishers wish to encourage a dialogue among the experts from different countries whose diverse cultures afford interesting and challenging alternatives to existing theories and practices. Priority will therefore be given to articles which are oriented to an international perspective. The journal will publish reviews of high quality on contemporary issues, significant clinical studies, and conceptual contributions, as well as serve in the rapid dissemination of important and relevant research findings.

The International Medical Journal (IMJ) was first established in 1994. 

The IMJ is published bimonthly (February, April, June, August, October, December) . The latest issue of the IMJ is volume 28 in 2021.

Copyright © Japan University of Health Sciences  & 

Japan International Cultural Exchange Foundation 2021


All rights reserved; No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic or otherwise, without prior permission of the publisher.

The International Medical Journal (ISSN 1341-2051, CODEN: IMJOFS) is published by Japan University of Health Sciences & the Japan International Cultural Exchange Foundation (JICEF), and printed and distributed by Seron Jiho-sha Co., Ltd.

The International Medical Journal is indexed by the EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, SCOPUS, the Japan Centra Revuo Medicina, the Bowker International Serials Database, PsycINFO, Psychological Abstracts, CINAHL database, CUMULATIVE INDEX TO NURSING AND ALLIED HEALTH LITERATURE print index, EBSCO, Science Citation Index Expanded, Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition, Compendex, and Reaxys. 

This journal is printed on acid-free paper.


1) Japan University of Health Sciences 

2) Japan International Caltural Exchange Foundation (JICEF)